The pressure required to circulate the blood against the walls of the blood vessel is called blood pressure. These blood vessels carry blood through the heart to the whole body. Blood pressure is express in terms of Maximum pressure in one heartbeat. And Minimum pressure during two heartbeats. Blood pressure measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
What is high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is due to the tightening of small arteries as these arteries allow blood to flow all over the body. When these arteries get tight and, the heart pumps blood through these arteries, the pressure inside the vessel grows and causes high blood pressure.
Two types of high blood pressure:
It is the most common type of blood pressure and takes many years to develop. This type of blood pressure occurs when there is no known cause of high blood pressure. It is the result of environment, lifestyle, diet, and age.
This type of blood pressure is due to medicines and other health problems. Medicine and health problems that cause secondary hypertension are:
- Kidney problems.
- Sleep apnea.
- Thyroid problem.
- Some medicines.
Symptoms of high blood pressure:
There are no such symptoms that high blood pressure causes and, that’s why people go with it for years without knowing their illness. Due to this reason experts, name high blood pressure a silent killer, But in some cases, people feel headaches, dizziness, and shortness of breath.
What are the causes of high blood pressure?
Food, lifestyle, environment, and genetics will lead to high blood pressure. Your doctor may help you to find out what causes high blood pressure. Common factors that can cause high blood pressure are:
- Diet, having high salt.
- Genetic problems, if your parents having high blood pressure, then there is a chance for you to have high blood pressure.
- Lack of exercise.
- Overweight will lead you to high blood pressure.
- Age plays an important factor in high blood pressure.
- Due to the side effects of some medications, you will face high blood pressure.
How to control high blood pressure?
If you have high blood pressure due to environment and lifestyle, you can take few precautions to control the risk:
- Lose weight.
- Stop smoking.
- Eat properly.
- Lower your salt intake.
- Reduce your alcohol consumption.
- Learn relaxation methods.
But if you have high blood pressure due to medicine you take or disease such as kidney, talk to your doctor for better treatment. Maybe he or she will prescribe different medications. By treating the underlying disease that causes blood pressure will help to reduce high blood pressure.
Food and drink avoid in high blood pressure:
Diet has a great impact on maintaining blood pressure. Foods high in fat and salt can cause high blood pressure. By avoiding salty and fat contains foods, you will maintain blood pressure.
If you have high blood pressure eat vegetables, fruits, and foods having high protein. Drink plenty of water because water has properties to control blood pressure. There is the list of foods that cause high blood pressure are:
- Salt or sodium
- Deli meat
- Frozen pizza
- Canned soups
What is Low blood pressure?
Low blood pressure may appear to be desirable, and it may not be an issue for certain individuals. Be that as it may, shallow blood pressure (hypotension) can cause dizziness and swoon for some individuals. In extreme cases, low blood pressure can be fatal.
The reasons for low blood pressure can go from lack of hydration to genuine clinical problems. It’s imperative to discover what’s causing your low blood pressure with the goal that it very well may be dealt with.
For certain individuals, low pulse flags a basic issue, particularly when it drops unexpectedly or is joined by signs and indications, for example,
● Dizziness or dazedness
● Obscured or blurring vision
● Absence of focus
Factors that can cause low blood pressure:
Since the circulatory framework grows quickly during pregnancy, the pulse is probably going to drop. This is ordinary, and pulse re-visitations of your pre-pregnancy level ordinarily after you’ve conceived an offspring.
Some heart conditions can prompt low circulatory strain to incorporate deficient pulse (bradycardia), heart valve issues, coronary episode, and cardiovascular breakdown.
At the point when your body loses more water than it takes in, it can cause shortcomings, dazedness, and weakness. Fever, spewing, serious runs, abuse of diuretics, and exhausting activity can prompt dehydration.
Low blood pressure (hypotension) can happen in anybody; however certain kinds of low blood pressure are more normal relying upon your age or different elements:
Age: Drops in blood pressure on standing or in the wake of eating happen basically in grown-ups older than 65. Neurally intervened hypotension influences youngsters and more youthful grown-ups.
Medications: Individuals who take certain medications, for instance, hypertension medications, for example, alpha-blockers, have more danger of low blood pressure.
Specific diseases: Parkinson’s infection, diabetes, and some heart conditions put you in more danger of growing low blood pressure.
How to treat low blood pressure?
Low blood pressure that does not show symptoms frequently or causes only mild symptoms rarely requires treatment.
If you’ve got symptoms, treatment depends on the cause. For example, when a drug causes low pressure, treatment usually involves changing or stopping the medication or lowering the dose.
Looking at your age, health, and therefore the form of low blood pressure you have got, you’ll be able to try this in several ways:
- Use more salt: Experts usually recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can raise pressure.
- Drink more water: water helps to control blood pressure.
- Medications: Several medications are used to treat low blood pressure that happens after you arise (orthostatic hypotension). As an example, the drug fludrocortisone, which boosts your blood volume, usually treats this kind of low blood pressure.
What do the numbers mean?
Everyone wants to have healthy blood pressure, but they don’t know what it means.
When you checked your blood pressure with a digital machine, you had seen two numbers in fractions. The number on the above is called systolic, and the number at the bottom is called diastolic.
During the contraction of your heart muscle, the amount of pressure in your arteries is called systolic. The amount of blood pressure when your heart beats is called diastolic.
These both are very important when we talk about heart health. When the number increases or decreases, then the ideal number means your heart makes extra efforts and is not in good health.
Maintaining the level of blood is not an easy task, you have to change your lifestyle which cannot be done easily. If you are overweight you must have to lose weight as soon as possible. Purchase a blood pressure test machine so you can test yourself every day and by doing this you can easily control your blood pressure. You cannot have high and low blood pressure at the time so by eating specific foods mentioned above you will overcome the blood pressure.